1I will stand by the gate — Ndiza kuma ngasegeyithini
2The book was written by Mda — Incwadi yabhalwa nguMdaMandela is loved by the nation — UMandela uyathandwa sisizwe
3nga-She went by bus — Uhambe ngebhasi
4nga-Be at school by eight o'clock — Ube sesikolweni ngentsimbi yesibhozo
5nga-If you multiply 4 by 3 you get 12 — Ukuba uphindaphinda isi-4 ngesi-3 ufumana i-12
6nga-I broke the cup by mistake — Ndaphule ikomityi ngempazamo
In Sense 1 above, remember that 'by' means "at the side of" or "next to". It is usually incorrect to say 'I am by my friend's house'; instead, say 'I am at my friend's house'.